Friday, 15 July 2016

Hebrews 10:7-18 - Behold I come

The discussion of Psalm 39 starts in earnest in these verses of Hebrews 10.

Hebrews 10:7-9
Then said I: Behold I come: in the head of the book it is written of me: that I should do thy will, O God. In saying before, Sacrifices, and oblations, and holocausts for sin thou wouldest not, neither are they pleasing to thee, which are offered according to the law. Then said I: Behold, I come to do thy will, O God: he taketh away the first, that he may establish that which followeth.

Tunc dixi: Ecce venio: in capite libri scriptum est de me: Ut faciam, Deus, voluntatem tuam.  Superius dicens: Quia hostias, et oblationes, et holocautomata pro peccato noluisti, nec placita sunt tibi, quæ secundum legem offeruntur,  tunc dixi: Ecce venio, ut faciam, Deus, voluntatem tuam: aufert primum, ut sequens statuat. 
Aquinas: 

The coming of Christ: ...I come by the Incarnation: ‘I came forth from the Father and am come into the world’, and this in order to offer myself in the passion; therefore, he says, Lo.

But was that sacrifice accepted? It certainly was, because in the roll [head] of the book it was written of me. This book is Christ according to His human nature, and in it were written all the things necessary for man’s salvation...Therefore, if predestination is called a book, it is obvious that Christ is the head of the book: ‘They that are written in the book of life of the Lamb’. Therefore, in the head of the book, i.e., in me, according to my divine nature, it is written of me, according to my human nature, I have come to do your will, i.e., this was foreordained that by Your grace I should do Your will, by offering Myself for the redemption of the human race.

Hebrews 10:10-12
In the which will, we are sanctified by the oblation of the body of Jesus Christ once. And every priest indeed standeth daily ministering, and often offering the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins. But this man offering one sacrifice for sins, for ever sitteth on the right hand of God, 
In qua voluntate sanctificati sumus per oblationem corporis Jesu Christi semel. Et omnis quidem sacerdos præsto est quotidie ministrans, et easdem sæpe offerens hostias, quæ numquam possunt auferre peccata: hic autem unam pro peccatis offerens hostiam, in sempiternum sedet in dextera Dei, 
The one sacrifice: ...the Old Law offered many sacrifices without expiating for sins. This man, therefore, offered one sacrifice, because He offered Himself once for our sins, and sat down at the right hand of God, not as a minister always standing, as the priests of the Old Law, but as the Lord: ‘The Lord said to my Lord: Sit at my right hand’; ‘He sits on the right hand of God’; at the right hand of God the Father with equal power in the divine nature, but with the more important goods in the human nature: ‘He sits on the right hand of the majesty on high’; and this forever, for He will not die again, because ‘Christ rising from the dead, dies now no more’; ‘His power is an everlasting power’.

Hebrews 10:13-18
From henceforth expecting, until his enemies be made his footstool.  For by one oblation he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.  And the Holy Ghost also doth testify this to us. For after that he said:And this is the testament which I will make unto them after those days, saith the Lord. I will give my laws in their hearts, and on their minds will I write them: And their sins and iniquities I will remember no more. Now where there is a remission of these, there is no more an oblation for sin.
de cetero exspectans donec ponantur inimici ejus scabellum pedum ejus. Una enim oblatione, consummavit in sempiternum sanctificatos. Contestatur autem nos et Spiritus Sanctus. Postquam enim dixit:  Hoc autem testamentum, quod testabor ad illos post dies illos, dicit Dominus, dando leges meas in cordibus eorum, et in mentibus eorum superscribam eas: et peccatorum, et iniquitatum eorum jam non recordabor amplius. 18 Ubi autem horum remissio: jam non est oblatio pro peccato.

Waiting (expecting) until his enemies be made a stool for his feet (Psalm 39, 109): This expecting does not imply any anxiety in Christ, as it does in men, because ‘hope that is deferred afflicts the soul’, but it designates His will to have mercy: ‘The Lord waits that he may have mercy only’. Therefore, those who are willing are subjected under His feet, i.e., to His humanity; and in this their salvation consists, namely, in doing His will: ‘How long do you refuse to submit to me?’. But the wicked, who are unwilling submit to it because even though they do not accomplish His will per se, yet it is fulfilled in their regard as a work of justice. Consequently, all things are subject in one of those ways: ‘You have subjected all things under his feet’.

We are sanctified by his offering: ...by one offering he has perfected for all time. This He did by reconciling us and uniting us to God as to our principle; those who are sanctified, because Christ’s sacrifice, since He is God and man, has power to sanctify for every: ‘Jesus, that he might sanctify the people by his own blood, suffered without the gate. For by Him we are sanctified and united to God: ‘By whom we have access to God’.

Forgiveness of sins means no more offerings for sin are required: ...Sins are remitted in the New Testament by Christ’s sacrifice, because the blood of Christ was shed for the remission of sins; therefore, in the New Testament, in which sins and iniquities are forgiven, as the authority indicates, there is no offering to be repeated for sins: ‘They that are in health need not a physician, but they that are ill’ (Mt. 9:12). Therefore, where there is forgiveness of sins, there is no longer any offering for sin. For this would be to demean Christ’s sacrifice.

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