Saturday, 10 June 2017

Feast of the Most Holy Trinity

The Matins readings for Trinity Sunday in the Benedictine Office are set out below.

Nocturn I (Isaiah 6: 1-12)

Psalms: 8, 18, 23, 28, 32, 45

Reading 1:  From the book of Isaiah - In the year of king Ozias’ death, I had a vision. I saw the Lord sitting on a throne that towered high above me, the skirts of his robe filling the temple.  Above it rose the figures of the seraphim, each of them six-winged; with two wings they veiled God’s face, with two his feet, and the other two kept them poised in flight. And ever the same cry passed between them, Holy, holy, holy is the Lord God of hosts; all the earth is full of his glory.

R. Vidi Dominum sedentem super solium excelsum et elevatum, et plena erat omnis terra majestate ejus: * Et ea, quae sub ipso erant, replebant templum.
V. Seraphim stabant super illud: sex alae uni, et sex alae alteri.
R. Et ea, quae sub ipso erant, replebant templum.
R. I saw the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and the whole earth was full of His glory * And His train filled the temple.
V. Above it stood the Seraphim each one had six wings.
R. And His train filled the temple.

Reading 2: The lintels over the doors rang with the sound of that cry, and smoke went up, filling the temple courts. Alas, said I, that I must needs keep silence; my lips, and the lips of all my countrymen, are polluted with sin; and yet these eyes have looked upon their King, the Lord of hosts. Whereupon one of the seraphim flew up to me, bearing a coal which he had taken with a pair of tongs from the altar;

R. Benedictus Dominus Deus Israël, qui facit mirabilia magna solus: * Et benedictum nomen majestatis ejus in aeternum.
V. Replebitur majestate ejus omnis terra: fiat, fiat.
R. Et benedictum nomen majestatis ejus in aeternum.
R. Blessed be the Lord God of hosts, Who only doeth wondrous things. * And blessed be His glorious Name for ever.
V. And let the whole earth be filled with His glory. Amen. Amen.
R. And blessed be His glorious Name for ever.

Reading 3:  he touched my mouth with it, and said, Now that this has touched thy lips, thy guilt is swept away, thy sin pardoned. 8 And now I heard the Lord say, Who shall be my messenger? Who is to go on this errand of ours? And I said, I am here at thy command; make me thy messenger.Go then, said he, and give a message to this people of mine: Listen as you will, but ever without understanding; watch all, and nothing perceive!

R. Benedicat nos Deus, Deus noster, benedicat nos Deus: * Et metuant eum omnes fines terrae.
V. Deus misereatur nostri, et benedicat nos Deus.
R. Et metuant eum omnes fines terrae.
R. Let God, even our own God, bless us; let God bless us. * And let all the ends of the earth fear Him.
V. God be merciful unto us, and bless us.
R. And let all the ends of the earth fear Him.


Reading 4: Thy office is to dull the hearts of this people of mine, deaden their ears, dazzle their eyes, so that they cannot see with those eyes, hear with those ears, understand with that heart, and turn back to me, and win healing. For how long, Lord? I asked. And he said, Till the cities are left unpeopled, and the houses untenanted, and the whole land a wilderness. The Lord will send its people into exile far away; wider, ever wider desolation must spread over it.

R: Gloria Patri, genitaeque proli et tibi compar utriusque semper Spiritus alme, Deus unus, * omni tempore saecli.
V: Da gaudiorum praemia da gratiarum munera
dissolve litis vincula astringe pacis faedera
R: Omni tempore saecli.
V: Gloria patri...
R Omni tempore saecli.
R: Glory be to the Father, to the sole-begotten Son, and to the blessed Spirit ever equal with both, one God * throughout all ages
V: In heaven Thine endless joys bestow, and grant Thy gifts of grace below; from chains of strife our souls release, bind fast the gentle bands of peace.
R: Throughout all ages
V: Glory be...
R: Throughout all ages

Nocturn II 

Psalms: 46, 47, 71, 95, 96, 97

Reading 5: From the Book on the Faith, addressed to Peter by St Fulgentius, Bishop  - The Faith which the holy Patriarchs and Prophets received from God before His Son was made Flesh, the Faith which the holy Apostles heard from the Lord Himself when Present in the Flesh, the Faith which the same Apostles learnt by the teaching of the Holy Ghost not only to preach by word of mouth, but also to leave behind them in their writings for the healthful instruction of all that should come after, that Faith teacheth that the Trinity, that is to say, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, is but ONE God. But we could not truly call the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost a Trinity, if One and the Selfsame Person were named Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.

R. Quis Deus magnus sicut Deus noster?
* Tu es Deus, qui facis mirabilia.
V. Notam fecisti in populis virtutem tuam, redemisti in brachio tuo populum tuum.
R. Tu es Deus, qui facis mirabilia.
R. Who is so great a God as our God * Thou art the God that doest wonders.
V. Thou hast declared thy strength among the people Thou hast with thine arm redeemed thy people.
R. Thou art the God that doest wonders.

Reading 6: Nor if as the Being of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost is One Being, so were there but One Person, then were it untrue to say that God is a Trinity. On the other hand, if, as the Persons of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost are distinguished One from Another by that which is proper to Each, so were They diverse by difference of nature, then were it untrue to say that God is ONE.

R. tibi gloria, tibi gratirum actio in saecula sempiterna, * O beata Trinitas.
V. Et benedictum nomen gloriae tuae sanctum et laudabile, et superexaltatum in saecula.
R. O beata Trinitas.
R. To thee be praise, to thee be glory, to thee be thanksgiving for ever and ever * O Blessed Trinity
V. And blessed is thy glorious and Holy Name, and to be praised and exalted above all for ever.
R. O Blessed Trinity

Reading 7: But since concerning the nature of the One True God, Who is a Trinity, it is the Truth to say that God is ONE, and the Truth to say that God is a Trinity, therefore the True God is a Trinity in Persons, and an Unity in nature. Through this Oneness of nature All That the Father is is in the Son and the Holy Ghost, All That the Son is is in the Father and the Holy Ghost, and All That the Holy Ghost is is in the Father and the Son.
V. But thou, O Lord, have mercy upon us.
R. Thanks be to God.

R. Magnus Dominus, et laudabilis nimis:
* Et sapientiae ejus non est numerus.
V. Magnus Dominus, et magna virtus ejus: et sapientiae ejus non est finis.
R. Et sapientiae ejus non est numerus.
R. Great is the Lord, and greatly to be praised * And His Wisdom is unsearchable.
V. Great is our Lord, and of great power, and His understanding is infinite.
R. And His Wisdom is unsearchable.

Reading 8: Of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, None is without Other, None is before Other, None is Greater than Other, None is Mightier than Other. The Father, as touching the One Divine Nature, is neither before nor greater than the Son and the Holy Ghost neither is it possible that the Eternity and Infinity of the Son, whether as before or greater, should be before or greater than the Eternity and Infinity of the Spirit.

R: Honor, virtus et potestas et imperium sit trinitati in unitate, unitati in trinitate,* In perenni saeculorum tempore.
V: Benedicat nos Deus, Deus noster, benedicat nos Deus
R: In perenni saeculorum tempore.
V: Gloria Patri
R: In perenni saeculorum tempore.
R: Honour, strength and might and power be to the Three in One, the One in Three,* throughout eternal ages.
V: May God us, our God, may our God bless us
R: Throughout eternal ages
V Glory be..
R Throughout eternal ages

Nocturn III 

Canticles: Isaiah 33: 2-10; 33: 13-18; Ecc 36: 14-19

Reading 9: From the Holy Gospel according to Matthew - At that time Jesus said unto His disciples All power is given unto Me in heaven and in earth. Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. And so on.

Homily by St Gregory of Nazianzus, Patriarch of Constantinople - There is no Catholic but knoweth that the Father is a Very Father, the Son a Very Son, and the Holy Ghost a Very Holy Ghost, even as the Lord Himself saith unto His Apostles " Go ye and baptize all nations in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost." This is that Perfect Trinity Who is but ONE being, and of Whom therefore we testify that His Substance is one.

R. Benedicamus Patrem et Filium cum sancto Spiritu: * Laudemus et superexaltemus eum in saecula.
V. Benedictus es Domine in firmamento caeli, et laudabilis et gloriosus in saecula.
R. Laudemus et superexaltemus eum in saecula.
R. Bless we the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Ghost. * Let us praise and exalt Him above all for ever.
V. Blessed art Thou, O Lord, in the firmament of heaven, and above all to be praised and glorified for ever.
R. Let us praise and exalt Him above all for ever.

Reading 10: For we make no division in God, as divisions are made in bodies, but we testify, that, according to the power of the Divine Nature, Which standeth not in matter, the Persons named have a real existence, and that God is ONE.  We do not say, as some have dreamt, that the Begetting of the Son of God is an outgrowing from one part to another part neither do we say that He is the Word in the sense of a mere sound uttered by a voice, but we do believe that these three Names and the Persons meant by them are all of only One Being, One Majesty, and One Power.

R: O beata trinitas te laudamus te benedicimus te adoramus auge in nobis fidem auge spem auge caritatem * O beata trinitas
V: Benedictus es in firmamento caeli et laudabilis et gloriosus et superexaltatus in omnia saecula
R:  O beata trinitas
R: O blessed Trinity, we praise you, we bless you, we adore you: increase in us faith, increase hope, increase love, * O blessed Trinity
V: Blessed art thou in the firmament of heaven: and worthy of praise, and glorious for ever.
R: O blessed Trinity

Reading 11: And therefore we testify that God is one, because this ONE-ness of His Majesty forbiddeth that we should use the Plural form of speech and say, "Gods." It is Catholic language to say, " Father and Son," but we cannot and must not say that the Father and the Son are two gods. And that, not because the Son of God is not by Himself God yea, He is Very God of Very God but because we know that the Son of God is not from elsewhere, but from the One Father Himself, and therefore we say that God is ONE.

R: Te Deum Patrem ingenitum, te Filium unigenitum, te Spiritum Sanctum Paraclitum,
Sanctam et individuam Trinitatem, toto corde et ore confitemur, laudamus, atque benedicimus:
* Tibi gloria in saecula.
V: Quoniam magnus es tu, et faciens mirabilia, tu es Deus solus
R: Tibi gloria in saecula.
R: Thou, God the unbegotten Father, thou, the only begotten Son, and thou Holy Spirit, the Comforter, the holy and undivided Trinity,
with all our heart and mouths we confess thee,
we praise thee, and bless thee; * To thee be glory for ever.
V. For thou only are great and doest wondrous things : thou art God alone.
R. To thee be glory forever

Reading 12: This is the doctrine which Prophets and Apostles have delivered this is the doctrine which the Lord Himself taught when He said, " I and the Father are ONE,", that is, He meant, as touching the one Divine Being, but as touching Persons, We are distinct.

R. Duo Seraphim clamabant alter ad alterum:
* Sanctus, sanctus, sanctus Dominus Deus Sabaoth: * Plena est omnis terra gloria ejus.
V. Tres sunt qui testimonium dant in caelo, Pater, Verbum, et Spiritus Sanctus: et hi tres unum sunt.
R. Sanctus, sanctus, sanctus Dominus Deus Sabaoth:
V. Glória Patri, et Fílio, * et Spirítui Sancto.
R. Plena est omnis terra gloria ejus.
R. One Seraph cried unto another* Holy, Holy, Holy is the Lord God of hosts the whole earth is full of His glory.
V. There are Three That bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost and these Three are One.
R. Holy, Holy, Holy is the Lord God of hosts
V. Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, * and to the Holy Ghost.
R. The whole earth is full of His glory.


The Gospel for Trinity Sunday:

 And Jesus coming, spoke to them, saying: All power is given to me in heaven and in earth. Going therefore, teach ye all nations; baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and behold I am with you all days, even to the consummation of the world

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