Sunday, 4 June 2017

Monday in the Octave of Pentecost

This week is the Octave of Pentecost in the traditional calendar, and each day has its own Gospel.

In the pre-1962 Office, Monday and Tuesday had three Nocturns: Acts 19 1-12 for the first Nocturn today; a homily of St Augustine for Nocturn II (available at Divinum Officium, albeit divided into three readings rather than four); the third Nocturn readings are the same as for the current Office, set out below, but split into four readings).

Matins readings (from St Augustine)

Reading 1:From the Holy Gospel according to John - At that time Jesus said unto Nicodemus God so loved the world that He gave His Only-begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life. And so on.

Homily by St Austin, Bishop of Hippo - The Physician cometh that, as often as in him lieth, he may heal the sick man. He is his own destroyer who will not keep the commandments of the Physician. Into the world came the Saviour. Why is He called the Saviour of the world but because He came "into the world not to condemn the world, but that the world through Him might be saved"? If thou willest not be saved through Him, thou wilt be condemned of thyself. And why say I that thou wilt be condemned Because it is written " He that believeth in Him is not condemned." What then canst thou hope that He will say of " him that believeth not," but that He will be condemned And indeed He doth say farther " He that believeth not is condemned already." He is condemned already, though the condemnation be not yet openly pronounced.

R. Cum complerentur dies Pentecostes, erant omnes pariter in eodem loco, alleluia: et subito factus est sonus de caelo, alleluia,
* Tamquam spiritus vehementi, et replevit totam domum, alleluia, alleluia.
V. Dum ergo essent in unum discipuli congregati propter metum Judaeorum, sonus repente de caelo venit super eos.
R. Tamquam spiritus vehementi, et replevit totam domum, alleluia, alleluia.
R. When the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place Alleluia and suddenly there came a sound from heaven Alleluia
* as of a mighty rushing wind, and it filled all the house Alleluia, Alleluia.
V. Where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, there suddenly came upon them a sound from heaven
R. As of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house Alleluia, Alleluia.

Reading 2: He is condemned already, for " the Lord knoweth them that are His." He knoweth them for whom is laid up the crown, and likewise them that are reserved unto the fire. His eye seeth in the field of the world the distinction of the wheat and of the straw, of the and of the tares. " He that believeth not is condemned already." And why " Because he hath not believed in the Name of the Only-begotten Son of God. And this is the condemnation that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil." " Because their deeds were evil " but, my brethren, is there one man of whom God findeth that his works are good No, not one. God findeth all works to be (in themselves) bad. How then do we hear that some there be who do truth, and come to the light For these words come anon " But he that doeth truth, cometh to the light."

R. Repleti sunt omnes Spiritu sancto: et coeperunt loqui, prout Spiritus Sanctus dabat eloqui illis:* Et convenit multitudo dicentium, alleluia.
V. Loquebantur variis linguis Apostoli magnalia Dei.
R. Et convenit multitudo dicentium, alleluia.
R. They were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak, as the Holy Ghost gave them utterance* And the multitude came together, saying: Alleluia.
V. The Apostle spake in divers tongues the wonderful works of God.
R. And the multitude came together, saying: Alleluia.

Reading 3: But the Lord saith [of such as these, who are condemned already, because they believe not in Him] " They loved darkness rather than light." And here He maketh the great point [of difference between such, and them that do the truth.] There are many who have loved their sins there are many who have confessed their sins and he that confessed and denounceth his sin, is working already with God. God denounceth thy sins, and if thou denounce them likewise, then dost thou join thyself with God in His act. The man and the sinner are two different things. God made the man, and the man made the sinner. Put away thy work, and God will save His. Thou art behoven to hate in thyself thine own work, and to love God's work. When thine own works begin to displease thee, then is it that thou beginnest to do well, because thou denouncest thine own evil works. The first thing to do, if thou wouldest do good works, is to acknowledge thine evil ones.

R. Iam non dicam vos servos, sed amicos meos; quia omnia cognovistis, quae operatus sum in medio vestri, alleluia:* Accipite Spiritum Sanctum in vobis Paraclitum: ille est, quem Pater mittet vobis, alleluia.
V. Vos amici mei estis, si feceritis quae ego praecipio vobis.
R. Accipite Spiritum Sanctum in vobis Paraclitum: ille est, quem Pater mittet vobis, alleluia.
V: Gloria Patri...
R Accipite...
R. Henceforth I call you not servants, but I have called you My friends, because ye have known all things, whatsoever I have done among you. Alleluia.* Receive ye the Holy Ghost, Who is your Comforter within you; the Same is He Whom the Father will send unto you. Alleluia.
V. Ye are My friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you.
R. Receive ye the Holy Ghost Who is your Comforter within you; the Same is He Whom the Father will send unto you. Alleluia.
V Glory be
R Receive ye

Today's Gospel is St John 3:16-21:

For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.  For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him.  He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.  And this is the judgment: because the light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than the light: for their works were evil.  For every one that doth evil hateth the light, and cometh not to the light, that his works may not be reproved. But he that doth truth, cometh to the light, that his works may be made manifest, because they are done in God.

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