Saturday, 14 January 2017

Matins readings for the Second Sunday after Epiphany

The readings and responsories for Matins in the Benedictine Office for the Second Sunday after Epiphany are set out below.

Nocturn I (2 Corinthians 1)

Reading 1:   Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy our brother: to the church of God that is at Corinth, with all the saints that are in all Achaia:  Grace unto you and peace from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.  Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies, and the God of all comfort. Who comforteth us in all our tribulation; that we also may be able to comfort them who are in all distress, by the exhortation wherewith we also are exhorted by God.  For as the sufferings of Christ abound in us: so also by Christ doth our comfort abound.

R. O Lord, rebuke me not in thine anger, neither chasten me in thine hot displeasure.
* Have mercy upon me, O Lord, for I am weak.
V. Fearfulness and trembling are come upon me, and darkness hath overwhelmed me.
R. Have mercy upon me, O Lord, for I am weak.

Reading 2:  Now whether we be in tribulation, it is for your exhortation and salvation: or whether we be comforted, it is for your consolation: or whether we be exhorted, it is for your exhortation and salvation, which worketh the enduring of the same sufferings which we also suffer.  That our hope for you may be steadfast: knowing that as you are partakers of the sufferings, so shall you be also of the consolation.

R. O God, Which seatest in the throne judging right, be Thou a refuge for the poor, a refuge in times of trouble.
* For Thou alone beholdest mischief and spite.
V. The poor leaveth himself unto thee; Thou wilt be the helper of the fatherless.
R. For Thou alone beholdest mischief and spite.

Reading 3:  For we would not have you ignorant, brethren, of our tribulation, which came to us in Asia, that we were pressed out of measure above our strength, so that we were weary even of life. [But we had in ourselves the answer of death, that we should not trust in ourselves, but in God who raiseth the dead.  Who hath delivered and doth deliver us out of so great dangers: in whom we trust that he will yet also deliver us. You helping withal in prayer for us: that for this gift obtained for us, by the means of many persons, thanks may be given by many in our behalf.

R. The Lord is at my right hand, I shall never be moved.
* Therefore my heart is glad, and my tongue rejoiceth.
V. The Lord is the portion of mine inheritance, and of my cup.
R. Therefore my heart is glad, and my tongue rejoiceth.

Reading 4:  For our glory is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity of heart and sincerity of God, and not in carnal wisdom, but in the grace of God, we have conversed in this world: and more abundantly towards you.  For we write no other things to you than what you have read and known. And I hope that you shall know unto the end:

R: Keep me O Lord as the apple of an eye * Hide me under the shadow of your wings
V: Show your marvellous loving-kindness, thou that art the saviour of them that put their trust in you
R: Hide me under the shadow of your wings
V: Glory be...
R: Hide me under the shadow of your wings

Nocturn II: Sermon of St John Chrysostom (Preface for the letters of St Paul)

Reading 5: As I listen intently to the reading of S.Paul's Epistles, often two or three times a week, whenever we commemorate the holy martyrs, I am filled with joy, delighting in the sound of that spiritual trumpet. And as I recognize the voice of a friend, I am roused, and enkindled with love so that I almost seem to see him present, and to hear him speaking. But nevertheless I am grieved, and am troubled, that all do not know this great man as he desrves to be known. Indeed, many are so ignorant that they do not even know how many epistles he wrote. But this ignorance is not due to a want of intelligence on their part, but because they will not carefully study the writings of this great man.

R. O Lord, Thou hast shown me the path of life.
* Thou shalt fill me with joy in thy presence, at thy right hand there are pleasures for evermore.
V. Thou art He That shalt restore mine inheritance unto me.
R. Thou shalt fill me with joy in thy presence, at thy right hand there are pleasures for evermore.

Reading 6: For what we know, if we know anything, we do not know it owing to any superlative talent or penetration, but, being strongly drawn towards this great man, we never cease from reading his works. For so it is that those who love any one usually know better than others what he has done, because they take the trouble to learn all about him. The blessed Paul himself shows that this is so, when he says to the Philippians: As it is meet for me to think this for you all : for that I have you in my heart; and in my bands, and in the defence and confirmation of the gospel.

R. I will love thee, O Lord, my strength; the Lord is my rock
* And my fortress.
V. My Deliverer, my God, mine Helper.
R. And my fortress.

Reading 7: And if you also will diligently attend to the reading, you will have no need of other instruction. Most true are those words of Christ : Seek and you shall find : knock and it shall be opened unto you.

R. The earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof
* The world, and they that dwell therein.
V. For He hath founded it upon the seas, and established it upon the floods.
R. The world, and they that dwell therein.

Reading 8: For the rest, since many of those who are assembled here are charged with the care of a wife, and with providing for a family, and with the bringing-up of children, and therefore cannot devote themselves wholly to this study; let them at least bestir themselves to receive what others have gathered; showing as much eagerness in listening to what is said about him as in acquiring wealth. For though it is unseemly to demand from you no more than this, yet it is to be wished that you do this at least.

R Show me your ways O Lord and teach me your paths; lead me forth in your truth * For you are the God of my salvation; in you has been my hope all the day long
V: O remember not the sins and offences of my youth, O Lord
R:For you are the God of my salvation; in you has been my hope all the day long
V Glory be...
R:For you are the God of my salvation; in you has been my hope all the day long

Nocturn III: Sermon of St Augustine on John 2 (Tract 9)

Reading 9: From the holy Gospel according to John (John 2:1-11)
In that time there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee: and the mother of Jesus was there. And Jesus also was invited, and his disciples, to the marriage. And so on.

Even setting aside any mystical interpretation, the fact that the Lord was pleased to be asked, and to go to a marriage, showeth plainly enough that He is the Author and Blesser of marriage. There were yet to be those of whom the Apostle hath warned us as forbidding to marry ; who say that marriage is a bad thing in itself, and a work of the devil. Yet we read in the Gospel that when the Lord was asked, Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife for every cause? He answered that it was not lawful, except it were for fornication. In which answer ye will remember that He used these words : What God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.

R. Unto thee, O Lord, do I lift up my soul.
* O my God, I trust in thee, let me not be ashamed.
V. O keep my soul and deliver me.
R. O my God, I trust in thee, let me not be ashamed.

Reading 10: They who are well instructed in the Catholic religion know that God is the Author and Blesser of marriage ; and that, whereas joining together in marriage is of God, divorce is of the devil. But it is lawful for a man to put away his wife in case of fornication, for by not keeping a wife's faith to her husband she herself hath first willed not to be wife.

R: You have afflicted us for our sins, every day we expect our end with tears; let the sorrows of our heart come before you O Lord * That you may deliver us from the evils that have come upon us
V: O Lord God of Israel, hear our prayers, hearken unto the sorrows of our heart
R: That you may deliver us from the ills that are come upon us

Reading 11: They also who have made a vow of their virginity to God and have thereby attained to an higher degree of honour and holiness in the Church, are not unmarried, for they are a special part of the marriage of the whole Church, which is the Bride of Christ.

R. My sins, O Lord, are fixed in me, like arrows, but before they caused wounds in me,
* Heal me, O God, with the medicine of repentance.
V. For I know my iniquity, * and my sin is always before me.
R. Heal me, O God, with the medicine of repentance.

Reading 12: Lord, being asked, went to the marriage, to strengthen the marriage tie, and to shed light on the hidden meaning of matrimony. In that marriage feast the Bridegroom to whom it was said, " Thou hast kept the good wine until now," was a figure of the Lord Christ, Who hath kept until now the good wine, namely the Gospel.

R: One Seraph cried unto another
* Holy, Holy, Holy is the Lord God of hosts the whole earth is full of His glory.
V. There are Three That bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost and these Three are One.
R. Holy, Holy, Holy is the Lord God of hosts
V. Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, * and to the Holy Ghost.
R. The whole earth is full of His glory.

Gospel: St John 2:1-11


And the third day, there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee: and the mother of Jesus was there. And Jesus also was invited, and his disciples, to the marriage.  And the wine failing, the mother of Jesus saith to him: They have no wine. And Jesus saith to her: Woman, what is that to me and to thee? my hour is not yet come.  His mother saith to the waiters: Whatsoever he shall say to you, do ye. Now there were set there six waterpots of stone, according to the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three measures apiece. Jesus saith to them: Fill the waterpots with water. And they filled them up to the brim.  And Jesus saith to them: Draw out now, and carry to the chief steward of the feast. And they carried it.  And when the chief steward had tasted the water made wine, and knew not whence it was, but the waiters knew who had drawn the water; the chief steward calleth the bridegroom,  And saith to him: Every man at first setteth forth good wine, and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse. But thou hast kept the good wine until now. This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee; and manifested his glory, and his disciples believed in him.

Thursday, 12 January 2017

Commemoration of the Baptism of Our Lord



Nocturn I: 1 Corinthians 13:1-13 (nb; readings of the day, divided into four, with responsories of the feast)

Reading 1: If I speak with the tongues of men, and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. And if I should have prophecy and should know all mysteries, and all knowledge, and if I should have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing. And if I should distribute all my goods to feed the poor, and if I should deliver my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing.

R. (Hodie in Jordane) This day, when the Lord was baptized in Jordan, the heavens were opened, and the Spirit descended like a dove, and abode upon Him, and, lo, the voice of the Father was heard, like unto thunder, saying:* This is My beloved Son, in Whom I am well pleased.
V. The Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon Him, and a voice came from heaven
R. This is My beloved Son, in Whom I am well pleased.

Reading 2: Charity is patient, is kind: charity envieth not, dealeth not perversely; is not puffed up;  Is not ambitious, seeketh not her own, is not provoked to anger, thinketh no evil;  Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth with the truth;  Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.

R. (In columbae) The Holy Ghost appeared in a bodily shape like a dove, and the voice of the Father was heard:
* This is My beloved Son, in Whom I am well pleased.
V. The heavens were opened unto him, and, lo, the voice of the Father was heard, like unto thunder, saying:
R. This is My beloved Son, in Whom I am well pleased.

Reading 3: Charity never falleth away: whether prophecies shall be made void, or tongues shall cease, or knowledge shall be destroyed.  For we know in part, and we prophesy in part.  But when that which is perfect is come, that which is in part shall be done away.

R. (Reges Tarsis) The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents. * The kings of Arabia and Saba shall offer gifts unto the Lord God.
V. All they from Saba shall come, they shall bring gold and incense.
R. The kings of Arabia and Saba shall offer gifts unto the Lord God.

Reading 4: When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child. But, when I became a man, I put away the things of a child. We see now through a glass in a dark manner; but then face to face. Now I know I part; but then I shall know even as I am known. And now there remain faith, hope, and charity, these three: but the greatest of these is charity.

R. (Dies sanctificatus) This day which is breaking is holy; O come, ye Gentiles, and worship the Lord.* For this day is much light come down unto us from heaven.
V Come let us adore him for he himself is our Lord God
R For this day is much light come down unto us from heaven.
V Glory be...
R For this day is much light come down unto us from heaven.

Nocturn II: Sermon of St Gregory Nazianzen (from I, XV, XVI)

Reading 5: I am not able to restrain the outbursts of my happiness. I feel changed and elated. I forget my own meanness while I undertake and try to discharge the office of the great John. It is true that I am not the Forerunner, but at least I come from the desert. Christ is enlightened, or rather, He enlighteneth us with His own light. Christ is baptized; let us go down with Him into the water, that we may come up with Him.

R. Shine, shine, O Jerusalem, for thy light is come;
* And the glory of the Lord is risen upon thee.
V. And the Gentiles shall walk in thy light, and kings in the brightness of thy rising.
R. And the glory of the Lord is risen upon thee.

Reading 6: John is baptizing. Jesus cometh. He cometh that He may make holy him who baptizeth Him; He cometh to bury the old Adam in the waters; He cometh to hallow the blessed flood of Jordan. He Who is Flesh and Spirit cometh to open for all that should ever be baptized that power of generation whereby new peoples are constantly begotten of water and the Holy Ghost. The Baptist will not receive Him. Jesus striveth with him. I, saith John, have need to be baptized of thee. Thus speaketh the candle to the Sun, the voice to the Word.

R. All they from Saba shall come, they shall bring gold and incense, and they shall show forth the praises of the Lord.* Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia.
V. The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents, the kings of Arabia and Saba shall offer gifts.
R. Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia.

Reading 7: Jesus came up out of the water, having, in a manner, washed the whole world, and brought it up with Him. And He saw the heavens opened not divided, even those heavens which Adam had once shut upon himself and us his descendants, when the cherub's fiery sword barred the gates of Paradise.

R. There came wise men from the east to Jerusalem, asking and saying: Where is He That is born King of the Jews? for we have seen His star in the east;
* And are come to worship the Lord.
V. We have seen His star in the east.
R. And are come to worship the Lord.

Reading 8: And the Holy Spirit bare witness, witness unto Him Who is of One Substance with Himself. And witness was given from Heaven, unto Him that came down from heaven.

R (Interrogabat Magos Herodes) Herod inquired of the wise men: What sign have you concerning him that is born king?We have seen a star shning, the brightness whereof enlightens the world. * And we have known, and are come to worship the Lord
V: There came wise men from the east, seeking the face of the Lord and saying
R: And we have known, and are come to worship the Lord
V: Glory be...
R: And we have known, and are come to worship the Lord

Nocturn III : Homily of St Augustine (Tract. 6 on John, n 7&8)

Reading 9: From the Holy Gospel according to John - At that time, John saw Jesus coming to him, and he saith: Behold the Lamb of God, behold him who taketh away the sin of the world. And so on.

John knew Jesus even before He came to be baptized of him in Jordan, as we perceive by the words I have need to be baptized of thee, and comest Thou to me? Behold, how he knew that He was the Lord, how he knew that He was the Son of God! How do we prove that he knew that He it was Who should baptize with the Holy Ghost? Before the Lord came to the river, when many betook themselves to John to be baptized of him, the Baptist said I indeed baptize you with water but One Mightier than I cometh; the latchet of Whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire.  Behold, John knew this also.

R. The star which the wise men had seen in the East, went before them, till they came where the young Child was.
* And when they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceeding great joy.
V. And when they were come into the house, they found the young Child with Mary His Mother, and fell down and worshipped Him.
R. And when they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceeding great joy.

Reading 10: Yet John saith: I knew Him Now, how are we to explain this without calling John a liar? and God forbid that we should ever even think anything of the kind. Was it not that when the Dove descended on Christ, John then for the first time knew Him to have that peculiar attribute, that, whosoever should baptize with His Baptism, whether they were themselves just or unjust, the virtue of the Sacrament should proceed, not from them, but from Him on Whom abode the Dove; so that He is the real Baptizer in every Christian Baptism until the end of time, and it is in this sense that it is said of Him the Same is He Which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost Whether it be Peter, or Paul, or Judas, that performeth the ceremony, the real Baptizer and effectual Worker is Christ.

R. (Videntes stellam) When the wise men saw the star, they rejoiced with exceeding great joy.* And when they were come into the house, they found the young Child with Mary His Mother, and fell down and worshipped Him; * and when they had opened their treasures, they presented unto Him gifts; gold, and frankincense, and myrrh.
V. The star which the wise men had seen in the East, went before them, till it came and stood over where the young Child was.
R. And when they were come into the house, they found the young Child with Mary His Mother, and fell down and worshipped Him.

Reading 11: For if the holiness of the baptism depended on the holiness of the particular officiator, no two baptisms would be exactly alike, and every one would be supposed to be more or less regenerated according as the minister who baptized him was more or less of a saint.  Now, my brethren, understand me. The saints themselves, those good men who appertain to the Dove, those good men whose portion is in Jerusalem, those good men in the Church, of whom the Apostle saith: the Lord knoweth them that are His, these good men differ one from another by diversities of graces, and are not all of the same worthiness.

R: (Venit lumen tuum)  Thy light is come O Jerusalem, and the glory of the Lord is risen upon thee. *And the gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of they rising
V: Thy sons shall come from afar, and thy daughters shall rise up at thy side
R: And the gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of they rising

Reading 12: Some are holier than others, and some are better than others. Supposing then for the sake of argument that A is baptized by B, a righteous saint, and C is baptized by D who is less worthy in the sight of God, who hath attained only a lower degree in godliness, who is not so chaste, and whose life is not so good as B's, yet A and C receive just the same thing. And how is this, unless it be that it is Christ Himself Who is the effectual Baptizer?

R (Hic est dies praeclarus)  This is the wondrous day on which the Saviour of the world was manifested, he whom Prophets foretold and Angels announced: * Whose star the wise men saw with exceeding  great joy and presented unto him gifts
V This is the sanctified day which has shone upon us, come ye peoples and the adore the Lord
R Whose star the wise men saw with exceeding  great joy and presented unto him gifts
V: Glory be...
R: Whose star the wise men saw with exceeding  great joy and presented unto him gifts

Gospel: St John 1: 29-34

The next day, John saw Jesus coming to him, and he saith: Behold the Lamb of God, behold him who taketh away the sin of the world.  This is he, of whom I said: After me there cometh a man, who is preferred before me: because he was before me. And I knew him not, but that he may be made manifest in Israel, therefore am I come baptizing with water.  And John gave testimony, saying: I saw the Spirit coming down, as a dove from heaven, and he remained upon him. And I knew him not; but he who sent me to baptize with water, said to me: He upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining upon him, he it is that baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.  And I saw, and I gave testimony, that this is the Son of God.

Monday, 9 January 2017

New translation resource - Vulgate, Douay-Rheims and Knox side-by-side

A reader has kindly alerted me to a new translation resource, from Baronius Press, providing the Vulgate, Knox and Douay-Rheims translations side-by-side online.

These are my three 'go to' translations, and having them in one place is extremely helpful.

Three key comparison points

The Vulgate is the key text as far as I'm concerned, since it is the language of the breviary and Missal, and used by most of the Western Fathers and Theologians for centuries.

I have to admit that I like New Advent's provision of the Greek  (Septuagint for the Old Testament) as well, but their shift from Douay-Rheims to the Knox version was problematic for me.  the problem is that while the Knox translation is very beautiful and often very clear, it is not very literal, and sometimes follows the Hebrew Masoretic Text version rather than the Septuagint-Vulgate tradition.

The new 'Catholic Bible Online' solves this problem by putting the two English translations side-by side with the Vulgate.

This is what it looks like:

Vulgate><Douay-Rheims><Knox Bible
1

In principio creavit Deus cælum et terram.
1

In the beginning God created heaven, and earth.
1

God, at the beginning of time, created heaven and earth.
2

Terra autem erat inanis et vacua, et tenebræ erant super faciem abyssi: et spiritus Dei ferebatur super aquas.
2

And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
2

Earth was still an empty waste, and darkness hung over the deep; but already, over its waters, stirred the breath of God.

You can also look at the three versions on their own, and the Douay-Rheims version has an option to show the Challoner notes.

Format

The site's layout is clear and simple, and very nicely done.

While the side-by-side version is in a table, the individual versions are not, making it easy to cut and paste (much more so than New Advent) for one's own lectio purposes.

The only minor quibble I have is in names for books of the Bible in the index column, which follow the traditional format - so Books 1-IV of Kings (instead of 1&2 Samuel, 1&2 Kings); 1&2 Paralipomenon (instead of Chronicles), etc. This will be puzzling to those used to  modern editions of the Bible.  In some cases they have added the alternative name, such as Nehemiah for 2 Esdras, but it would be nice to include them all, for the benefit of newcomers to tradition.

All in all though, a wonderful resource.

Fathers and the tradition

Once you've looked at the translations of the text though, you will want to look at the commentaries on the text; how it has been understood by the tradition, and for that purpose, New Advent has some fantastic resources, with more translations of Patristic sources being added all the time.  So do go check it out as well!