Tuesday, 9 September 2014

Luke 20: 27-40

27 Accesserunt autem quidam sadducæorum, qui negant esse resurrectionem, et interrogaverunt eum, 28 dicentes: Magister, Moyses scripsit nobis: Si frater alicujus mortuus fuerit habens uxorem, et hic sine liberis fuerit, ut accipiat eam frater ejus uxorem, et suscitet semen fratri suo. 29 Septem ergo fratres erant: et primus accepit uxorem, et mortuus est sine filiis. 30 Et sequens accepit illam, et ipse mortuus est sine filio. 31 Et tertius accepit illam. Similiter et omnes septem, et non reliquerunt semen, et mortui sunt. 32 Novissime omnium mortua est et mulier. 33 In resurrectione ergo, cujus eorum erit uxor? siquidem septem habuerunt eam uxorem. 34 Et ait illis Jesus: Filii hujus sæculi nubunt, et traduntur ad nuptias: 35 illi vero qui digni habebuntur sæculo illo, et resurrectione ex mortuis, neque nubent, neque ducent uxores: 36 neque enim ultra mori potuerunt: æquales enim angelis sunt, et filii sunt Dei, cum sint filii resurrectionis. 37 Quia vero resurgant mortui, et Moyses ostendit secus rubum, sicut dicit Dominum, Deum Abraham, et Deum Isaac, et Deum Jacob. 38 Deus autem non est mortuorum, sed vivorum: omnes enim vivunt ei. 39 Respondentes autem quidam scribarum, dixerunt ei: Magister, bene dixisti. 40 Et amplius non audebant eum quidquam interrogare.

[27] And there came to him some of the Sadducees, who deny that there is any resurrection, and they asked him, [28] Saying: Master, Moses wrote unto us, If any man' s brother die, having a wife, and he leave no children, that his brother should take her to wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. [29] There were therefore seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and died without children. [30] And the next took her to wife, and he also died childless.[31] And the third took her. And in like manner all the seven, and they left no children, and died. [32] Last of all the woman died also. [33] In the resurrection therefore, whose wife of them shall she be? For all the seven had her to wife. [34] And Jesus said to them: The children of this world marry, and are given in marriage: [35] But they that shall be accounted worthy of that world, and of the resurrection from the dead, shall neither be married, nor take wives. [36] Neither can they die any more: for they are equal to the angels, and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection. [37] Now that the dead rise again, Moses also shewed, at the bush, when he called the Lord, The God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob; [38] For he is not the God of the dead, but of the living: for all live to him. [39] And some of the scribes answering, said to him: Master, thou hast said well. [40] And after that they durst not ask him any more questions.

Commentary (de Lapide)

Ver. 36.—They are equal unto the angels. So the Arabic, Syriac, Egyptian, Persian, and Ethiopic; equal in celibacy, immortality, glory. As therefore the angels do not marry nor generate, so neither do the Blessed, because, being immortal per se, and glorious, they will remain for ever. For generation is desired in this life, because of death; as a mortal father might, as it were, survive and endure in the son whom he leaves alive. So S. Cyril: “As the angels are not of generation, so they who rise again will have no need of marriage.” S. Chrysostom on Matt. xxiii: “Wives are married that the diminution, which is by death, may be supplied by birth. But death will not be there, and, in consequence, neither marriages, nor wives, nor generation.”

And are, &c. “They are called the children of God,” says Theophylact, “as being born again through the Resurrection, not only through grace, but also through glory, that they may thus resemble God most closely, as is taught by S. John, 1 Ep. iii. 2. Then as sons they shall enter into the inheritance of God the Father.”

“They are called the sons of the Resurrection,” says Theophylact, “because they appear to be as it were born to a new, happy, and divine life.”

2. They will be the sons of the Resurrection, that is, worthy of the Resurrection, for the word “son” when it is added in Hebrew to the genitive of reward or punishment, means one subject to, one who deserves, or who is destined to, such a punishment or reward. Thus men are called the sons of Death and Gehenna, that is, men subject to death and hell; and the sons of the kingdom and the Resurrection, that is, they who are worthy of the kingdom of heaven, and of the Resurrection of the blessed.

Ver. 40.—And after that they durst not ask Him any question at all. That is the Sadducees, for the Pharisees asked Him afterwards which was the greatest commandment, as we find from Matt. xxii 35.

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