Saturday, 6 September 2014

Luke 20:1-18

Luke 20:

1 Et factum est in una dierum, docente illo populum in templo, et evangelizante, convenerunt principes sacerdotum, et scribæ cum senioribus, 2 et aiunt dicentes ad illum: Dic nobis in qua potestate hæc facis? aut quis est qui dedit tibi hanc potestatem? 3 Respondens autem Jesus, dixit ad illos: Interrogabo vos et ego unum verbum. Respondete mihi: 4 baptismus Joannis de cælo erat, an ex hominibus? 5 At illi cogitabant intra se, dicentes: Quia si dixerimus: De cælo, dicet: Quare ergo non credidistis illi? 6 Si autem dixerimus: Ex hominibus, plebs universa lapidabit nos: certi sunt enim Joannem prophetam esse. 7 Et responderunt se nescire unde esset. 8 Et Jesus ait illis: Neque ego dico vobis in qua potestate hæc facio.9 Cœpit autem dicere ad plebem parabolam hanc: Homo plantavit vineam, et locavit eam colonis: et ipse peregre fuit multis temporibus. 10 Et in tempore misit ad cultores servum, ut de fructu vineæ darent illi. Qui cæsum dimiserunt eum inanem. 11 Et addidit alterum servum mittere. Illi autem hunc quoque cædentes, et afficientes contumelia, dimiserunt inanem. 12 Et addidit tertium mittere: qui et illum vulnerantes ejecerunt. 13 Dixit autem dominus vineæ: Quid faciam? Mittam filium meum dilectum: forsitan, cum hunc viderint, verebuntur. 14 Quem cum vidissent coloni, cogitaverunt intra se, dicentes: Hic est hæres, occidamus illum, ut nostra fiat hæreditas. 15 Et ejectum illum extra vineam, occiderunt. Quid ergo faciet illis dominus vineæ? 16 veniet, et perdet colonos istos, et dabit vineam aliis. Quo audito, dixerunt illi: Absit. 17 Ille autem aspiciens eos, ait: Quid est ergo hoc quod scriptum est: Lapidem quem reprobaverunt ædificantes, hic factus est in caput anguli? 18 Omnis qui ceciderit super illum lapidem, conquassabitur: super quem autem ceciderit, comminuet illum.

And it came to pass, that on one of the days, as he was teaching the people in the temple, and preaching the gospel, the chief priests and the scribes, with the ancients, met together, [2] And spoke to him, saying: Tell us, by what authority dost thou these things? or, Who is he that hath given thee this authority? [3] And Jesus answering, said to them: I will also ask you one thing. Answer me: [4] The baptism of John, was it from heaven, or of men? [5] But they thought within themselves, saying: If we shall say, From heaven: he will say: Why then did you not believe him?[6] But if we say, Of men, the whole people will stone us: for they are persuaded that John was a prophet. [7] And they answered, that they knew not whence it was. [8] And Jesus said to them: Neither do I tell thee by what authority I do these things. [9] And he began to speak to the people this parable: A certain man planted a vineyard, and let it out to husbandmen: and he was abroad for a long time. [10] And at the season he sent a servant to the husbandmen, that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard. Who, beating him, sent him away empty.[11] And again he sent another servant. But they beat him also, and treating him reproachfully, sent him away empty. [12] And again he sent the third: and they wounded him also, and cast him out. [13] Then the lord of the vineyard said: What shall I do? I will send my beloved son: it may be, when they see him, they will reverence him. [14] Whom when the husbandmen saw, they thought within themselves, saying: This is the heir, let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours. [15] So casting him out of the vineyard, they killed him. What therefore will the lord of the vineyard do to them? [16] He will come, and will destroy these husbandmen, and will give the vineyard to others. Which they hearing, said to him: God forbid. [17] But he looking on them, said: What is this then that is written, The stone, which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner? [18] Whosoever shall fall upon that stone, shall be bruised: and upon whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder. 

Commentary (Catena Aurea)

...BEDE; Or when they say, By what authority do you these things? they doubt concerning the power of God, and wish it to be understood that of the devil He does this. Adding moreover, And who is he that gave you this authority. Most plainly do they deny the Son of God when they think that not by His own power but another's He does miracles. 

Now our Lord by a simple answer might have refuted such a calumny; but He wisely asks a question, that by their silence or their words they might condemn themselves. And he answered and said to them. I also will ask, &c. 

THEOPHYL. For that He might show that they had always rebelled against the Holy Spirit, and that resides Isaiah, whom they remembered not, they had refused to believe John whom they had lately seen; He now in his turn puts the question to them, proving that if so great a Prophet as John who was accounted greatest among them had been disbelieved when he testified of Him, the would in no wise believe Him, answering by what authority He did this.

EUSEB. His question concerning John the Baptist is not from whence was he sprung, but whence received he his law of baptism. But they feared not to shun the truth. For God sent John as a voice, crying, Prepare you the way of the Lord. But they dreaded to speak the truth, lest it should be said, Why did you not believe? and they scruple to blame the forerunner, not from fear of God, but of the people; as it follows, And they reasoned within themselves, saying, If we shall say, From hearer; he will say, Why then believed you him not. 

BEDE; As if He should say, He whom you confess bad his gift of prophecy from heaven, and gave testimony to Me. And you heard from him by what power I should do these things. It follows, But if we shall say, Of men; the whole people will stone us: for they be persuaded that John was a prophet Therefore perceived they in whatever way they should answer they would fall into a trap, fearing the stoning, but much more the confession of the truth. 

And then it follows, And they answered, that they could not tell whence it was. 

Because they will not confess that which they knew, they were baffled, and the Lord would not tell them what He knew; as it follows, And Jesus said to them, Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things. For there are two reasons especially why we should conceal the truth from those that ask; for example, when the questioner is incapable of understanding what he asks, or when from hatred or contempt he is unworthy to have his questions answered.

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