Saturday, 20 September 2014

St Luke 23:1-25

1 Et surgens omnis multitudo eorum, duxerunt illum ad Pilatum. 2 Cœperunt autem illum accusare, dicentes: Hunc invenimus subvertentem gentem nostram, et prohibentem tributa dare Cæsari, et dicentem se Christum regem esse. 3 Pilatus autem interrogavit eum, dicens: Tu es rex Judæorum? At ille respondens ait: Tu dicis. 4 Ait autem Pilatus ad principes sacerdotum et turbas: Nihil invenio causæ in hoc homine. 5 At illi invalescebant, dicentes: Commovet populum docens per universam Judæam, incipiens a Galilæa usque huc. 6 Pilatus autem audiens Galilæam, interrogavit si homo Galilæus esset. 7 Et ut cognovit quod de Herodis potestate esset, remisit eum ad Herodem, qui et ipse Jerosolymis erat illis diebus. 8 Herodes autem viso Jesu, gavisus est valde. Erat enim cupiens ex multo tempore videre eum, eo quod audierat multa de eo, et sperabat signum aliquod videre ab eo fieri. 9 Interrogabat autem eum multis sermonibus. At ipse nihil illi respondebat. 10 Stabant autem principes sacerdotum et scribæ constanter accusantes eum. 11 Sprevit autem illum Herodes cum exercitu suo: et illusit indutum veste alba, et remisit ad Pilatum. 12 Et facti sunt amici Herodes et Pilatus in ipsa die: nam antea inimici erant ad invicem.3 Pilatus autem, convocatis principibus sacerdotum, et magistratibus, et plebe, 14 dixit ad illos: Obtulistis mihi hunc hominem, quasi avertentem populum, et ecce ego coram vobis interrogans, nullam causam inveni in homine isto ex his in quibus eum accusatis. 15 Sed neque Herodes: nam remisi vos ad illum, et ecce nihil dignum morte actum est ei. 16 Emendatum ergo illum dimittam. 17 Necesse autem habebat dimittere eis per diem festum unum. 18 Exclamavit autem simul universa turba, dicens: Tolle hunc, et dimitte nobis Barabbam: 19 qui erat propter seditionem quamdam factam in civitate et homicidium missus in carcerem. 20 Iterum autem Pilatus locutus est ad eos, volens dimittere Jesum. 21 At illi succlamabant, dicentes: Crucifige, crucifige eum. 22 Ille autem tertio dixit ad illos: Quid enim mali fecit iste? nullam causam mortis invenio in eo: corripiam ergo illum et dimittam. 23 At illi instabant vocibus magnis postulantes ut crucifigeretur: et invalescebant voces eorum. 24 Et Pilatus adjudicavit fieri petitionem eorum. 25 Dimisit autem illis eum qui propter homicidium et seditionem missus fuerat in carcerem, quem petebant: Jesum vero tradidit voluntati eorum.

And the whole multitude of them rising up, led him to Pilate. [2] And they began to accuse him, saying: We have found this man perverting our nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, and saying that he is Christ the king. [3] And Pilate asked him, saying: Art thou the king of the Jews? But he answering, said: Thou sayest it. [4] And Pilate said to the chief priests and to the multitudes: I find no cause in this man. [5] But they were more earnest, saying: He stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, beginning from Galilee to this place.[6] But Pilate hearing Galilee, asked if the man were of Galilee? [7] And when he understood that he was of Herod' s jurisdiction, he sent him away to Herod, who was also himself at Jerusalem, in those days. [8] And Herod, seeing Jesus, was very glad; for he was desirous of a long time to see him, because he had heard many things of him; and he hoped to see some sign wrought by him. [9] And he questioned him in many words. But he answered him nothing. [10] And the chief priests and the scribes stood by, earnestly accusing him.[11] And Herod with his army set him at nought, and mocked him, putting on him a white garment, and sent him back to Pilate. [12] And Herod and Pilate were made friends, that same day; for before they were enemies one to another. [13] And Pilate, calling together the chief priests, and the magistrates, and the people, [14] Said to them: You have presented unto me this man, as one that perverteth the people; and behold I, having examined him before you, find no cause in this man, in those things wherein you accuse him. [15] No, nor Herod neither. For I sent you to him, and behold, nothing worthy of death is done to him.[16] I will chastise him therefore, and release him. [17] Now of necessity he was to release unto them one upon the feast day. [18] But the whole multitude together cried out, saying: Away with this man, and release unto us Barabbas: [19] Who, for a certain sedition made in the city, and for a murder, was cast into prison. [20] And Pilate again spoke to them, desiring to release Jesus.[21] But they cried again, saying: Crucify him, crucify him. [22] And he said to them the third time: Why, what evil hath this man done? I find no cause of death in him. I will chastise him therefore, and let him go. [23] But they were instant with loud voices, requiring that he might be crucified; and their voices prevailed. [24] And Pilate gave sentence that it should be as they required. [25] And he released unto them him who for murder and sedition, had been cast into prison, whom they had desired; but Jesus he delivered up to their will.

Commentary (Catena Aurea) 

AUG. Luke, after he had finished relating the denial of Peter, recapitulated all that took place concerning our Lord during the morning, mentioning some particulars which the others omitted; and so he has composed his narrative, giving a similar account with the rest, when he says, And the whole multitude of them arose, and led him to Pilate, &c. 

BEDE; That the word of Jesus might be fulfilled which He prophesied of His own death, He shall be delivered to the Gentiles, that is, to the Romans. For Pilate was a Roman, and the Romans had sent him as governor to Judea.

AUG. He next relates what happens before Pilate, as follows, And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perverting our nation, &c. Matthew and Mark do not give this, though affirming that they accused Him, but Luke has laid open the very charges which they falsely brought against Him.

THEOPHYL. Most plainly are they opposed to the truth. For our Lord was so far from forbidding to give tribute, that He commanded it to be given. How then did He pervert the people? Was it that He might take possession of the kingdom? But this is incredible to all, for when the whole multitude wished to choose Him for their king, He was as aware of it, and fled. 

BEDE; Now two charges having been brought against our Lord, namely, that He forbade to pay tribute to Caesar, and called Himself Christ the King, it may be that Pilate had chanced to hear that which our Lord spoke, Render to Caesar the things which be Caesar's; and therefore setting aside this accusation as a palpable lie of the Jews, he thought fit to ask concerning that alone of which he knew nothing, the saying about the kingdom; for it follows, Pilate asked him, saying, Are you the King of the Jews, &c. 

THEOPHYL. It seems to me that he asked this question of Christ by way of deriding the wantonness or hypocrisy of the alleged charge. As if he said, you a poor humble naked man, with none to help You, are accused of seeking a kingdom, for which you would need many to help You, and much money. 

BEDE; He answers the governor in the same words which He used to the Chief Priests, that Pilate might be condemned by his own voice; for it follows, And he answering said, You say.

THEOPHYL. Now they finding nothing else to support their calumny, have resort to the aid of clamor, for it follows, And they were the more fierce, saying, He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Jewry, beginning from Galilee to this place. As if they said, He perverts the people, not in one part only, but beginning from Galilee He arrives at this place, having passed through Judea. I think then that they purposely made mention of Galilee, as desirous to alarm Pilate, for the Galileans were of a different sect and given to sedition, as, for example, Judas of Galilee who is mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles. 

BEDE; But with these words they accuse not Him, but themselves. For to have taught the people, and by teaching to have roused them from their former idleness, and doing this to have passed through the whole land of promise, was an evidence not of sin, but of virtue. 

AMBROSE; Our Lord is accused and is silent, for He needs no defense. Let them cast about for defense who fear to be conquered. He does not then confirm the accusation by His silence, but He despises it by not refuting it. Why then should He fear who does not court safety? The Safety of all men forfeits His own, that He may gain that of all.

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